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1Institute of Biology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, CP 04510, Mexico City, Mexico.

2Department of Anthropology, Program in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

3Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22202, USA.

4Gene Bank of Primates and Primate Genetics Laboratory, German Primate Center, Leibniz Institute for Primate Research, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.

5Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.

6Department of Anthropology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78705, USA.

7Department of Social Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford OX3 0BP, U.K.

8Abteilung Verhaltensökologie und Soziobiologie, Deutsches Primatenzentrum, Leibniz-Institut für Primatenforschung, Kellnerweg 4, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany.

9Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 1350 Pleasant Street UCB 233, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.

10Tropical Biodiversity Section, MUSE—Museo delle Scienze, Corso del Lavoro e della Scienza 3, 38122 Trento, Italy.

11Department of Anthropology, and Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution Research Centre, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, U.K.

12Departments of Environmental Sciences and Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 400 Dowman Drive, Math and Science Center, Suite E510, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

13Naturhistorisches Museum Bern, Bernastrasse 15, CH-3005 Bern, Switzerland.

14Department of Ecology, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, SE 49100-000, Brazil.

15Department of Zoology, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA 40170-290, Brazil.

16Neotropical Primate Conservation, 23 Portland Road, Manchester M32 0PH, U.K.

17Asociación Neotropical Primate Conservation Perú, 1187 Avenida Belaunde, La Esperanza, Yambrasbamba, Bongará, Amazonas, Peru.

18Department of Biology, Rhodes College, 2000 North Parkway, Memphis, TN 38112, USA.

19Department of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA.

20Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA.

21Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, 1810 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.

22Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, C.P. 19020, Curitiba, PR 81531-990, Brazil.

23School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, James Parsons Building, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, U.K.

24Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

25Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA.

26School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, University of Western Australia (M309), 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia.

27Centre Suisse des Recherches Scientifiques, Université de Cocody, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.

28Xi’an Branch of Chinese Academy of Sciences, College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, No. 229, Taibai North Road, Xi’an 710069, China.

*Corresponding author. Email: moc.liamg@setamirpadartsea (A.E.); ude.sionilli@rebrag-p (P.A.G.)

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Received 2016 Apr 30; Accepted 2016 Nov 22.

Copyright © 2017, The Authors

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