Discrimination is a very serious problem for the contemporary society. People do discriminate against each other whether their actions are intentional or happen due to the lack of knowledge or intricate sociological triggers as well as societal delusions and personal ignorance. One might easily state that this is the way we are, that our mentality makes us judge other people, compare them to ourselves or our ideal model of a human being. The complexity of the problem overwhelms and to start fighting against discrimination, it is essential to determine how discriminating misconceptions are developed in our mind and promoted by the society. It is also important to understand the different types of discrimination that exist, as well as their effects on the people’s lives.
Discrimination is everywhere. We judge other people because of their social status, ethnicity, gender, and way of behavior or their specific worldview. Surely enough, we are also judged by others according to the same criteria. The question arises whether this is a typical model of a human’s behavior, pre-programmed by the very nature or, maybe, some stereotypes and prejudices are just intentionally imposed by the society we live in. I strongly believe that the second statement is true as the main reason we start discriminating other people is that they look, act, think and speak differently. They do not basically belong to the same societal group and we experience some feeling of their segregation or even some kind of absolutely unjustified superiority over them. People are highly prejudiced and most of them do not like to accept differences as it is much more convenient to live in a comfortable world surrounded by people with the same beliefs, colour of skin, social status while showing utmost contempt for people who do not fit in with the same category even though those individuals might be 10 times smarter than you are or have some outstanding talents or achievements you could never dream of.
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The illusional image of a perfect man or woman is totally subjective and applying our own mental paradigm of expectations and requirements to other people seems to be an act of deceiving ourselves. By denying the fact that each and every person is unique we basically deny our uniqueness as well. Let us imagine a hypothetical world where all people look, dress, speak and act in the same standardized way and any deviation is regarded as a possible crime? Would you consider such people as humans or rather robots? We should respect our individuality and individuality of other people despite their race, colour of skin, culture, religious beliefs, ethnicity, social status as all people are supposed to have equal rights and opportunities. People who show zero tolerance and enjoy discriminating against different social groups should think how they would feel if the same attitude was shown to them in case they were born in a different family or at a different location or time.
The whimsical nature of the innermost propaganda infatuating the minds of modern people and making them feel special or superior over others should be eradicated. If we are absolutely sure that any kind of discrimination should be overcome, we should understand that everyone needs to do some actions irrespectively of dissipated efforts as far as discrimination issues are concerned. It means that the common way we look at the world should be changed as it will allow us to discern and, most importantly, respect the life of other people, their peculiarities, appearance, attitude and the life choices they make.
To sum up, the issue of discrimination still remains unresolved and it might take some time for the contemporary society to understand its significance and negative influences it brings to the development of the mankind. However, if everyone makes a little effort to learn that all people are different and their individual peculiarities make this world more flamboyant and interesting to live in, then the humanity has good chances of developing in the right and promising direction. Let us all be honest and bring the best from our souls in order to ensure bright and happy future for the next generations!
This thesis estimates the inequality on the basis of caste and religion, and analyses the socio-economic structural factors in determining sex ratios in India. In the first part of the thesis, the inequality spaces are determined by average household income and access to clean energy sources at the household level. The regression estimates suggest that the scheduled caste, scheduled tribes and Muslims are significantly worse off in comparison to the upper caste Hindu households (others) in the sample. However, the summary of the results in the first part is that the Muslim households appear to be either significantly better off or indifferent to the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe households. Post regression, Oxaca-Blinder methodology is also employed to measure the proportion of discrimination among the predicted outcomes in the first part of thesis. The results in the second part of the thesis, which distinguishes the discussion of child sex ratios (0-6 age group) from juvenile sex ratios (0-14 age group), show that the cultural factors play a major role in determining the child sex ratios, rather than women’s agency and economic development. However, the regression results of the juvenile sex ratios indicate the positive impact of economic development and women’s agency variables. The separate regression analysis of the tribal population in the second part suggests similarities between the regression results of the tribal population and the total population. However, the important deduction is that the scheduled tribes of India are emulating the culture of gender inequality with the increasing proximity of ‘Hindu population’. Failure of the previous policies and new suggestions are considered.